Piraeus, Greece

Piraeus, Greece: History, Population, Landmarks, & Facts

Piraeus, Greece, is a city steeped in history and maritime significance. Located just eight kilometers southwest of Athens, this bustling port city has played a pivotal role in the development of Greece and remains a vital hub for trade and culture. In this article, we will explore the history, population, landmarks, and interesting facts about Piraeus.

Piraeus History

Piraeus has a storied history dating back to ancient Greece. In the 5th century BC, it served as the principal port for Athens, contributing significantly to the city’s ascent to power. The design of Piraeus is credited to the renowned Athenian architect Hippodamus of Miletus. It boasted three main harbors, each catering to distinct types of trade.

Kantharos Harbor handled the import of grain and foodstuffs, Zea Harbor for luxury goods, and Munychia Harbor was designated for military and commercial shipping.

Throughout the Roman and Byzantine eras, Piraeus continued to be a significant port city. However, it witnessed a decline during the Ottoman period due to frequent pirate raids. The city experienced a resurgence in the 19th century after Greece gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. The port was reconstructed and expanded, establishing Piraeus as a major trade and shipping center. Today, it stands as Greece’s largest port and one of the busiest in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Piraeus Population

As of the 2011 census, Piraeus had a population of 163,688 people, making it the fifth largest municipality in Greece. The Greater Piraeus area, which encompasses four suburban municipalities, is home to approximately 448,997 residents.

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Piraeus Landmarks

Piraeus boasts a wealth of both ancient and modern landmarks that draw visitors from around the world. Some of the most notable landmarks include:

The Archaeological Museum of Piraeus

This museum houses an impressive collection of artifacts from the ancient port city, featuring sculptures, pottery, and coins, offering insight into the city’s historical richness.

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The Naval Museum of Greece

Charting the story of the Greek Navy from ancient times to the present, this museum provides a captivating journey through Greece’s maritime history.

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The Municipal Theatre of Piraeus

Built in 1881, this neoclassical theater is a cultural gem in Piraeus, hosting a variety of artistic performances and events.

The Mikrolimano

Situated in the heart of Piraeus, this picturesque harbor offers an ideal setting for dining, shopping, and people-watching, exuding a unique charm.

The Pasalimani

Another modern harbor and a favorite spot for dining and shopping, the Pasalimani also houses a marina, where visitors can charter yachts and boats, providing a luxurious experience.


Piraeus is not just rich in history but also in fascinating facts:

  • Birthplace of the Greek Navy: Piraeus is renowned as the birthplace of the Greek Navy, an institution that holds significant historical importance.
  • Largest Passenger Port: It is home to the largest passenger port in Greece, serving as a gateway for visitors arriving by sea.
  • Cruise Ship Destination: Piraeus is a popular destination for cruise ships, attracting travelers eager to explore the wonders of Athens and its surroundings.
  • Olympiacos FC: The city is the proud home of Olympiacos FC, a prominent Greek football club with a strong local and international following.
  • Delicious Seafood: Piraeus is celebrated for its delectable seafood, offering visitors an opportunity to savor some of the freshest catches from the Mediterranean.


Piraeus, Greece, is a city of historical significance and modern vitality. With a rich maritime heritage, a vibrant population, and a plethora of landmarks and attractions, it invites travelers to immerse themselves in Greek culture and history while enjoying the Mediterranean lifestyle. Whether you’re interested in ancient artifacts, maritime history, or simply enjoying delectable seafood by the harbor, Piraeus has something for everyone.


Q: What is the best way to get to Piraeus from Athens?

A: The most convenient way to reach Piraeus from Athens is by using the metro system. The metro ride typically takes around 30 minutes, making it a quick and efficient means of transportation.

Q: What are some of the best things to do in Piraeus?

A: Piraeus offers an array of attractions. A few must-visit places include the Archaeological Museum of Piraeus, the Naval Museum of Greece, and the Municipal Theatre of Piraeus. Additionally, exploring the Mikrolimano and Pasalimani harbors offers opportunities for dining and shopping while enjoying the city’s ambiance.

Q: What are some of the best beaches near Piraeus?

A: For those seeking coastal relaxation, nearby beaches include Glyfada Beach, Vouliagmeni Beach, and Voula Beach, all offering beautiful seascapes and recreational activities.

Q: What is the best time of year to visit Piraeus?

A: The ideal time to visit Piraeus is during the spring or fall when the weather is mild and pleasant. Summers can be hot and humid, while winters can be cold and rainy.

Q: Is Piraeus a safe city to visit?

A: Piraeus is considered a safe city for visitors. However, like any major urban area, it is advisable to remain aware of your surroundings and take precautions to prevent petty crimes such as pickpocketing.

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