India’s rich history is not only reflected in its culture and heritage but also in its engineering marvels—dams that stand tall and mighty, serving multiple purposes. As we embark on a journey to discover Longest Dam in India, we’ll witness the perfect blend of structural grandeur and breathtaking natural beauty.
5 Biggest And Longest Dams In India That You Must Visit
Let’s explore the top five longest dams in India that you must visit to witness the nation’s engineering prowess.
1. Sardar Sarovar Dam India – A Marvel of Gujarat
- Height: 163 meters
- Length: 1,210 meters
- Type: Gravity Dam
- Reservoir Capacity: 7,701,775 acre·ft
- River: Narmada River
- Location: Gujarat
- Installed Capacity: 1,450 MW
Sardar Sarovar Dam, towering at 163 meters, is a gravity dam that benefits four major states: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh. Its colossal structure and vital role in water management make it a must-visit.
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2. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam – India’s Masonry Marvel
- Height: 124 meters
- Length: 1,450 meters
- Type: Masonry Dam
- Reservoir Capacity: 9,371,845 acre·ft
- River: Krishna River
- Location: Andhra Pradesh
- Installed Capacity: 816 MW
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam in Hyderabad is not just India’s largest masonry dam but also the world’s. Standing at 124 meters tall, it’s a symbol of India’s architectural and technological triumph over nature, housing an astonishing 26 gates.
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3. Bhakra Dam India – A Himalayan Marvel
- Height: 226 meters
- Length: 520 meters
- Type: Concrete Gravity
- Reservoir Capacity: 7,501,775 acre·ft
- River: Sutlej River
- Location: Punjab and Himachal Pradesh
- Installed Capacity: 1325 MW
Bhakra Dam in Himachal Pradesh, a gravity dam across the Sutlej River, is one of India’s top dams. It boasts the “Gobind Sagar Lake,” the country’s second-largest reservoir, and stands at a towering height of 226 meters.
4. Hirakud Dam India – A Historic Landmark
- Height: 60.96 meters
- Length: 25.8 km
- Type: Composite Dam
- Reservoir Capacity: 4,779,965 acre·ft
- River: Mahanadi River
- Location: Odisha
- Installed Capacity: 307.5 MW
Hirakud Dam in Odisha, built on the Mahanadi River, is a historical landmark. Stretching over 25.8 kilometers, it is one of the longest dams globally, offering panoramic views from its observation towers, ‘Gandhi Minar’ and ‘Nehru Minar.’
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5. Tehri Dam India – The Himalayan Titan
- Height: 260 meters
- Length: 575 meters
- Type: Earth and Rock-fill
- Reservoir Capacity: 2,100,000 acre·ft
- River: Bhagirathi River
- Location: Uttarakhand
- Installed Capacity: 1,000 MW
Tehri Dam in Uttarakhand, the 8th tallest dam globally, rises proudly over the Bhagirathi River. While some of its phases remain under construction, it continues to attract tourists worldwide. With a height of 260 meters, it is primarily used for irrigation and hydroelectricity generation, producing 1,000 MW of power.
These five dams showcase India’s engineering brilliance, offering not only a glimpse into its history but also a chance to immerse yourself in the awe-inspiring landscapes surrounding them. Don’t miss the opportunity to visit these extraordinary structures and witness the synergy between man-made wonders and natural beauty that India has to offer.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About India’s Top Dams
1. What is the purpose of these dams in India?
- These dams serve multiple purposes, including irrigation, flood control, hydroelectric power generation, and water supply to various regions.
2. Which is the tallest dam in India?
- The Tehri Dam, located in Uttarakhand, is the tallest dam in India, with a height of 260 meters.
3. Are these dams open to tourists?
- Yes, many of these dams are open to tourists, and they offer guided tours, viewpoints, and visitor centers to educate and entertain visitors.
4. Can you visit the reservoirs created by these dams for recreational activities?
- Yes, many of these dams have reservoirs where visitors can enjoy boating, fishing, and other water-related activities. However, regulations and access may vary, so it’s essential to check with local authorities.
5. Are there any safety concerns when visiting these dams?
- While these dams are generally safe for tourists, it’s crucial to follow safety guidelines and stay within designated areas. Dams can be dangerous if proper precautions are not taken.
6. Do these dams offer any educational programs or exhibitions?
- Yes, many dams have educational programs and exhibitions in their visitor centers, providing insights into the dam’s construction, its importance, and its impact on the region.
7. Are there any nearby attractions to explore when visiting these dams?
- Yes, these dams are often located in scenic regions with other attractions such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and historical sites. It’s an excellent opportunity to explore the surrounding areas.
8. How can I plan a trip to visit these dams in India?
- To plan a trip to these dams, you can start by researching their locations, visiting hours, and any entry fees. It’s also a good idea to check local tourism websites and contact the dam authorities for the latest information.
9. Are there any restrictions on photography at these dams?
- Photography policies may vary from dam to dam. In some cases, there may be restrictions on photography in sensitive areas, so it’s advisable to inquire about the rules when you visit.
10. Are there guided tours available at these dams?
- Yes, many dams offer guided tours conducted by knowledgeable guides who provide insights into the dam’s history, construction, and significance.
Remember that these FAQs are meant to provide general information, and it’s essential to check specific details with the authorities of the dam you plan to visit to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.
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